When your pet comes in for a vaccination appointment we always do a complete physical check up, including checking the nose, mouth, eyes, ears, heart and lungs, abdomen, muscles and joints, lymph nodes and skin. This is very important in the early detection of any diseases or problems that you may be unaware of in your pet. We also check body temperature as this can indicate infection if elevated.

We also discuss routine prevention such as worming, heartworm and flea control, as these are essential in maintaining your pets health.
The health exam is also the ideal time for you to mention any issues your pet may have, such as drinking more than normal, being restless at night or even excessive barking. So make sure to mention anything that is different in your pets behavior to normal.

If your pet is healthy the vaccine can be given. Vaccinations are important in the prevention of several diseases that can cause serious and sometimes fatal diseases.  Vaccines can be classified as essential vaccines (must have) and those that are required for certain situations only.

What should I vaccinate against?


Essential vaccines are for Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvo Virus (C3)
Other vaccines include:
  • Parainfluenza and Bordatella (Kennel Cough) needed for dogs that go into boarding or mix with groups of dogs. When combined with C3 it is also called a C5
  • Leptospirosis and Coronavirus (Currently not recommended by World Small Animal Veterinary Association)


Essential vaccines are for Feline Herpes Virus, Calici Virus and Feline Enteritis (F3)
Other vaccines include:
  • Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) recommended for cats that go outside as the disease is transmitted in cat fights
  • Chlamydia Virus recommended in cattery situation or households with large number of cats
  • Feline Leukemia Virus is currently not recommended by the World Small Animal Veterinary Association

When should I vaccinate?

Generally for both puppies and kittens it is recommended they receive:

  • First vaccine at 6-8 weeks of age (The breeder often does these)
  • Second vaccine at 10-12 weeks of age
  • Third vaccine at 16 weeks of age

It is important to note that puppies and kittens require multiple vaccines to reach protective immunity levels.

dog-cat-300x168After the puppy or kitten course is completed no further vaccines are needed for 12 months.

Once the first adult booster is given it depends on the vaccines used as to how often your pet will require a booster to maintain adequate immunity.